What is a Database?

In today’s world you just can’t escape the database. Right now there millions databases at work storing all sorts of information from government files to company employee records to consumer shopping habits. Lying in the basis of the majority of the content-driven websites and applications, databases serve a special mission – to provide a well-organized mechanism for data manipulation.

 

Also called ‘dynamic web pages’, databases are used in website/application development now rules the web by offering a quick and automated way for the information to be stored, managed, deleted or retrieved. Tailoring the information to the needs of the individual who is looking at the content they need to see.

 


To understand dynamic web pages, you have to understand normal or in other words ‘static’ web pages. Typical non-dynamic web pages do not change every time the page is loaded by the browser, nor do they change if a user clicks on a button. The only change that you will see in static web pages is to see them load and unload, like what happens when you click on a hyperlink. A dynamic Database allows you to lets you store and retrieve that data as efficiently as possible.

 

In order to do this, websites including yours need a Data Base Management System (DBMS). A DBMS refers to the software that handles moving the data in, out and around your database while the term database refers to the actual body of data that you are storing. The DBMS takes a series of parameters and then calculates the responses in a matter of milliseconds, then adds that information to the dynamic web page you are looking at. Let me explain in simpler terms. You go to google.com and type something in the search field. Lets say, “the difference between an apple and an orange”. Google searches the entire worldwide web for this information, then sorts it out based on what you were asking for and how it ranks the results, and then displays the information in the search results. This is how a database or DBSM software works.

The four main types of Data Base Management System (DBMS).

 

Hierarchical Databases

The hierarchical database model represents a tree structure, and a very good association is Windows’s File Explorer. To explain it better, we can use the parent – child structure. Each parent can have as many children as he/she wants, but each child has only one parent. The most popular hierarchical database is the IMS (Information Management System), created by IBM.

Relational Databases

The most popular database type, widely used on the World Wide Web. In them, information is easily stored and queried. In a relational database, the data is stored in tables. New information can be added without the need for table re-organization.

Temporal Database

A temporal database is a database with built-in support for handling data involving time. An example is like viewing a bank balance or gathering information to setup a subscriber.

Graph database

In computing, a graph database is a database that uses graph structures for semantic queries with nodes, edges and properties to represent and store data. The relationships allow data in the store to be linked together directly, and in most cases retrieved with a single operation. In simplest terms, This is a database that adjust the size and dimensions of the web page based on the medium the person is using to view it (See Relational)



Database (DBSM) Software’s

There are literally thousands of software’s for Databases, based on which platform your website uses…. Windows, Mac, Linux, or other smaller platforms. Here are the most common software’s used today

 

SQL (pronounced Sequel) – SQL is the most famous relational database standard is the SQL language, on which several database software programs are based, among them MySQL and PostgreSQL.

PHP – PHP is mainly focused on server-side scripting, so you can do anything any other CGI program can do, such as collect form data, generate dynamic page content, or send and receive cookies

JavaScript-  JavaScript supports object-oriented programming and procedural programming. It can be used to control web pages on the client side of the browser, server-side programs, and even mobile applications. JavaScript in some cases is now also being used on the server, with the engine called: Node.js. also known as Java / JSP

Python – Python is a general purpose programming language created in the late 1980s, and named after Monty Python, that’s used by thousands of people to do things from testing microchips at Intel, to powering Instagram, to building video games with the PyGame library.

Ruby – It is used in a wide range of fields, but is best known as a language for Web Applications, because of the Ruby on Rails framework. The general purpose nature of Ruby makes it suitable for a wide array of programming tasks, just like Perl, Python and other general purpose languages.

ASP.NET – usually with the C# programming language. ASP allows you to create pages that are dynamic and easily maintained.

MS Access – Microsoft’s Access is a personal DBMS. It can handle up to around 25 concurrent users. But it can freeze on you for business and enterprise projects

How Do I Know Which One is Best for Me?

 

Well, first you need to decide what your immediate needs are. Are you going to use this on a website that could potentially have hundreds of people accessing information at the same time? Then you need to estimate your future needs. How much do you think your website will grow? Please feel free to contact us to discuss your database solutions or if you have more questions. Our staff is trained in all aspects of database languages and programming.